The general rule of thumb is to use ice in the acute stage of an injury (within the first 24-48 hours), or whenever swelling is showing. Ice helps to reduce inflammation and swelling by decreasing blood flow to the area that is injured. The general guideline is to apply ice indirectly (not directly on the […]What is tendonitis?
Tendonitis, also spelled tendinitis, is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon. Chronic strain, overuse, or misuse of a tendon leading to a repetitive stress injury, or a serious acute injury can lead to weakness, tear, or swelling of the tendon tissue, resulting in pain and stiffness near the tendon. Tendonitis usually occurs in the […]What is a tendon?
A tendon is a band of tissue that connects muscle to bone. It primarily allows for the transmission of muscle strength to the bones and joints, as well as the contraction of muscles to complete movements. There are many different types of tendons throughout the body, each corresponding with a morphology of muscle and specific […]What is a ligament?
A ligament is an elastic band of tissue that connects bone to bone and provides stability to the joint.What is cartilage?
Cartilage is a soft, rubbery, gel-like coating on the ends of bones, where they articulate, that protects joints and facilitates movement.What is bursitis?
Bursitis is an inflammation or irritation of a bursa, which is a fluid-filled sac located around joints. Bursitis causes a reduction in or a loss of motion at the affected joint. Bursitis typically occurs in the heel, hip, knee, shoulder, and thumb.What is arthritis?
Arthritis refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases and other conditions that cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that damages the lining surrounding our joints while also destroying our bones, tissue, and joints over time. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition that slowly damages the cartilage surrounding […]What is orthopedics?
Orthopedics (alternatively, orthopaedics) is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions, disorders, and injuries of the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. A doctor who specializes in this medical specialty is called an orthopedic (alternatively, orthopaedic) surgeon.